Brautigan > The Pill versus the Springhill Mine Disaster

This node of the American Dust website (formerly Brautigan Bibliography and Archive) provides comprehensive information about Richard Brautigan's poetry collection The Pill versus the Springhill Mine Disaster. Published in 1968, this collection of ninety-eight poems was Brautigan's fifth published poetry book. Publication and background information is provided, along with reviews, many with full text. Use the menu tabs below to learn more.

Publication

Publication information regarding the limited and regular editions of Richard Brautigan's poetry collection The Pill versus the Springhill Mine Disaster.

Limited First USA Edition

1968
San Francisco, California: Four Seasons Foundation
Limited edition of 50 copies, each signed by Brautigan
108 pages
Hard Cover; Issued without dust jacket
Light brown paper-covered boards with a dark brown cloth backstrip
Binding by Schubeth Bookbindery
The phrase "Writing 20" on the opening page indicates placement in publisher's writing series edited by Donald Merriam Allen

Regular First Edition

1968
San Francisco, California: Four Seasons Foundation
108 pages; 5.5" x 8"; Library of Congress Card Catalog #68-20131
Printed pictorial wrappers
The phrase "Writing 20" on the opening page indicates placement in publisher's writing series edited by Donald Merriam Allen

Covers

Front cover photograph by Edmund Shea of Marcia Pacaud, of Montreal, Canada. Taken early in 1968, in a excavation site for the Bay Area Rapid Transit (BART), at the corner of New Montgomery and Market Streets, in San Francisco (William Hjortsberg 377). No back cover illustration or photograph.

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Background

First published in 1968, The Pill versus the Springhill Mine Disaster, a collection of ninety-eight poems, was Brautigan's fifth collection of poetry, his seventh published poetry book.

Dedication

This book is for Miss Marcia Pacaud of Montreal, Canada.
Several poems in this collection were dedicated to Marcia Pacaud.

Collection

In addition to thirty-eight previously uncollected poems, The Pill versus The Springhill Mine Disaster included The Return of the Rivers (May 1957), all nine parts of The Galilee Hitch-Hiker (1958), nine poems from the Lay The Marble Tea (1959), seventeen poems from The Octopus Frontier (1960), and all thirty two poems from All Watched Over by Machines of Loving Grace (1967).

The reference to "The Springhill Mine Disaster" in the title comes from the 1958 mining disaster in Springhill, Nova Scotia, Canada. A popular folk song, "The Springhill Mine Disaster," was written shortly afterward by Ewan MacColl and Peggy Seeger.

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Contents

The Pill versus The Springhill Mine Disaster collects ninety-eight poems by Richard Brautigan. Of those, thirty-eight were not included in his previous poetry collections.

The remainder of the poems in this volume include Brautigan's The Return of the Rivers (May 1957), all nine parts of The Galilee Hitch-Hiker (1958), nine poems from the Lay The Marble Tea (1959), seventeen poems from The Octopus Frontier (1960), and all thirty two poems from All Watched Over by Machines of Loving Grace (1967). See nodes for these individual books for information about these poems.

Unless noted, all poems were published in this volume in the order listed below.

Horse Child Breakfast

Horse child breakfast,
what are you doing to me?
with your long blonde legs?
with your long blonde face?
with your long blonde hair?
with your perfect blonde ass?

I swear I'll never be the
     same again!

Horse child breakfast
what you're doing to me,
I want done forever.

Connections
This poem appears in the feature film The Sun Ship Game, a film about the competitions for placement in the 1969 National Soaring Championships in Marfa, Texas. The 1971 film, directed by Robert Drew, follows two competitors, George Moffat and Gleb Derujinsky. Moffat, an English lecturer, reads the poem to a class at the beginning of the film.

Selected Reprints
San Francisco Express Times, vol. 1, no. 32, Aug. 28, 1968, p. 6.
Published weekly from 24 January 1968 (vol. 1, no. 1) to 24 December 1968 (vol. 1, no. 49) as San Francisco Express Times. Continued after as Good Times. Published at 15 Lafayette Street, San Francisco by the Trystero Company. Printed by Waller Press. Included eight poems by Brautigan: "General Custer Versus the Titanic," "The Shenevertakesherwatchoff Poem," "Xerox Candy Bar," "Horse Child Breakfast," "Crab Cigar," "I Live in the Twentieth Century," "Alas, Measured Perfectly," and "The Way She Looks at It."

General Custer Versus the Titanic

     For the soldiers of the Seventh Cavalry who were killed at the Little Bighorn River and the passengers who were lost on the maiden voyage of the Titanic.
     God bless their souls.

Yes! it's true all my visions
have come home to roost at last.
They are all true now and stand
around me like a bouquet of
lost ships and doomed generals.
I gently put them away in a
beautiful and disappearing vase.

Textual References
"General Custer": Lieutenant Colonel George Armstrong Custer (1839-1876) and the 264 men of the 7th Cavalry under his command were annihilated by an estimated 5,000 Sioux Indians on the banks of the Little Big Horn River in eastern Montana Territory, the morning of 26 June 1876.
"Titanic": The White Star liner RMS Titanic sank after striking an iceberg on its maiden voyage, 14 April 1912.

Selected Reprints
A First Reader of Contemporary American Poetry. Edited by Patrick Gleason. Merrill, 1969, pp. 23-26.
Included eight poems by Brautigan: "In a Cafe," "The Wheel," "The Sidney Greenstreet Blues," "The Fever Monument," "Horse Race," "Our Beautiful West Coast Thing," and "The Pomegranate Circus," and "General Custer Versus the Titanic."

San Francisco Express Times, vol. 1, no. 32, Aug. 28, 1968, p. 6.
Published weekly from 24 January 1968 (vol. 1, no. 1) to 24 December 1968 (vol. 1, no. 49) as San Francisco Express Times. Continued after as Good Times. Published at 15 Lafayette Street, San Francisco by the Trystero Company. Printed by Waller Press. Included eight poems by Brautigan: "General Custer Versus the Titanic," "The Shenevertakesherwatchoff Poem," "Xerox Candy Bar," "Horse Child Breakfast," "Crab Cigar," "I Live in the Twentieth Century," "Alas, Measured Perfectly," and "The Way She Looks at It."

The Beautiful Poem

First Collected
All Watched Over by Machines of Loving Grace

Private Eye Lettuce

First Published
The Octopus Frontier

A Boat

First Published
Lay The Marble Tea

The Shenevertakesherwatchoff Poem

For Marcia

Because you always have a clock
strapped to your body, it's natural
that I should think of you as the
     correct time:
with your long blonde hair at 8:03,
and your pulse-lightning breasts at
11:17, and your rose-meow smile at 5:30,
     I know I'm right.

Textual References
"Marcia": Marcia Pacaud, from Montreal, Canada, appeared in the photograph on the front cover of The Pill versus The Springhill Mine Disaster. Written mid-July, while Brautigan was staying at Pacaud's Sausalito apartment, 15 Princess Lane (apartment 5). Several poems in this collection are dedicated to her.

Recorded
"Listening to Richard Brautigan." Harvest Records.
On one track of this album, titled "The Telephone Door That Leads Eventually to Some Love Poems," Brautigan reads twelve poems collected in The Pill versus The Springhill Mine Disaster, including this one. LISTEN to Brautigan read these poems.

Selected Reprints
San Francisco Express Times, vol. 1, no. 32, Aug. 28, 1968, p. 6.
Published weekly from 24 January 1968 (vol. 1, no. 1) to 24 December 1968 (vol. 1, no. 49) as San Francisco Express Times. Continued after as Good Times. Published at 15 Lafayette Street, San Francisco by the Trystero Company. Printed by Waller Press. Included eight poems by Brautigan: "General Custer Versus the Titanic," "The Shenevertakesherwatchoff Poem," "Xerox Candy Bar," "Horse Child Breakfast," "Crab Cigar," "I Live in the Twentieth Century," "Alas, Measured Perfectly," and "The Way She Looks at It."

Karma Repair Kit: Items 1-4

First Collected
All Watched Over by Machines of Loving Grace

Oranges

Oh, how perfect death
computes an orange wind
that glows from your footsteps,

and you stop to die in
an orchard where the harvest
fills the stars.

San Francisco

First Collected
All Watched Over by Machines of Loving Grace

Xerox Candy Bar

     Ah,
you're just a copy
of all the candy bars
I've ever eaten.

Background
A holograph broadside of this poem, written in ink by Brautigan on a sheet of 9" x 12" sketchbook paper, in 1967, is known. Allegedly, Brautigan was commissioned to produce a broadside poem and planned to execute it by hand. This broadside may have been a practice effort by Brautigan to enlarge his distinctively small handwriting. No other versions, practice, finished, or reproduced are reported.

Recorded
"Listening to Richard Brautigan." Harvest Records.
On one track of this album, titled "The Pill versus The Springhill Mine Disaster," Brautigan reads sixteen poems collected in The Pill versus The Springhill Mine Disaster, including this one. LISTEN to Brautigan read these poems.

Selected Reprints
San Francisco Express Times, vol. 1, no. 32, Aug. 28, 1968, p. 6.
Published weekly from 24 January 1968 (vol. 1, no. 1) to 24 December 1968 (vol. 1, no. 49) as San Francisco Express Times. Continued after as Good Times. Published at 15 Lafayette Street, San Francisco by the Trystero Company. Printed by Waller Press. Included eight poems by Brautigan: "General Custer Versus the Titanic," "The Shenevertakesherwatchoff Poem," "Xerox Candy Bar," "Horse Child Breakfast," "Crab Cigar," "I Live in the Twentieth Century," "Alas, Measured Perfectly," and "The Way She Looks at It."

Discovery

The petals of the vagina unfold
like Christopher Columbus
taking off his shoes.

Is there anything more beautiful
than the bow of a ship
touching a new world?

Textual References
"Christopher Columbus": Italian navigator (1451-1506), considered the "Discoverer of America" during Brautigan's youth.

Selected Reprints
Just What The Country Needs, Another Poetry Anthology. Edited by James McMichael and Dennis Saleh. Wadsworth, 1971, pp. xii, 22-26, 185.
6.5" x 9.5", 190 pages
A poetry anthology collecting 124 poems by 30 poets, including Brautigan.
Includes biographical notes for each contributor and an introduction by X. J. Kennedy, who says, "Anyone who cares for poetry ought to encounter much to delight and startle him here. Among such gratifications for me was . . . Richard Brautigan, abruptly popular, whose best work (see "The Winos on Potrero Hill") moves with a beautiful transparency" (xii).

Reprints five poems by Brautigan: "The Winos on Potrero Hill," "The Quail," "The Pill versus The Springhill Mine Disaster," "Discovery," and "Adrenalin Mother," all from The Pill versus The Springhill Mine Disaster.

The biographical note for Brautigan reads, "Richard Brautigan published several small books of poetry in limited editions and then collected them in one volume, The Pill versus The Springhill Mine Disaster, published first by Four Seasons Foundation and them by Delacorte. He has also published three novels and a book of new poems, Rommel Drives On Deep into Egypt. Brautigan is 36 and has lived in San Francisco for many years."

San Francisco Express Times, vol. 1, no. 49, Dec. 24, 1968, pp 8-9.
Published weekly from 24 January 1968 (vol. 1, no. 1) to 24 December 1968 (vol. 1, no. 49) as San Francisco Express Times. Continued after as Good Times. Published at 15 Lafayette Street, San Francisco by the Trystero Company. Printed by Waller Press. Included eleven poems by Brautigan: "The Pill versus The Springhill Mine Disaster," "The Day they Busted the Grateful Dead," "All Watched Over by Machines of Loving Grace," "Discovery," "At the California Institute of Technology," "Boo, Forever," "The Sidney Greenstreet Blues," "The Flowerburgers Part 4," "A Baseball Game Part 7," "December 24," and "The Garlic Meat Lady."

Widow's Lament

First Collected
All Watched Over by Machines of Loving Grace

The Pomegranate Circus

First Collected
All Watched Over by Machines of Loving Grace

The Winos of Potrero Hill

First Collected
The Octopus Frontier

The First Winter Snow

Oh, pretty girl, you have trapped
yourself in the wrong body. Twenty
extra pounds hang like a lumpy
tapestry on your perfect mammal nature.

Three months ago you were like a
deer staring at the first winter snow.

Now Aphrodite thumbs her nose at you
and tells stories behind your back.

Textual References
"Aphrodite": The Greek goddess of love.

Death Is a Beautiful Car Parked Only

For Emmett

Death is a beautiful car parked only
to be stolen on a street lined with trees
whose branches are like the intestines
     of an emerald.
You hotwire death, get in, and drive away
like a flag made from a thousand burning
     funeral parlors.

You have stolen death because you're bored.
There's nothing good playing at the movies
     in San Francisco.

You joyride around for a while listening
to the radio, and then abandon death, walk
away, and leave death for the police
     to find.

Textual References
"Emmett": Emmett Grogan, was one of the founders of the San Francisco Diggers in September 1966. Brautigan admired The Diggers for their services to the needy. Grogan included the poem in his autobiography, Ringolevio: A Life Played for Keeps (Boston: Little Brown, 1972. 468-469) and thanked Brautigan.

Selected Reprints
Beatitude. no. 20, Mar. 1969.
Published by City Lights Books, San Francisco, California.
Included four poems by Brautigan: "The Harbor," "The Double-Bed Gallows," "Adrenalin Mother," and "Death is a Beautiful Parked Car Only."

Recorded
"Listening to Richard Brautigan." Harvest Records.
On one track of this album, titled "The Pill versus The Springhill Mine Disaster," Brautigan reads sixteen poems collected in The Pill versus The Springhill Mine Disaster, including this one. LISTEN to Brautigan read these poems.

Surprise

First Collected
The Octopus Frontier

Your Departure Versus the Hindenburg

Every time we say good-bye
I see it as an extension of
     the Hindenburg:
that great 1937 airship exploding
in medieval flames like a burning castle
     above New Jersey.
When you leave the house, the
shadow of the Hindenburg enters
     to take your place.

Textual References
"the Hindenburg": LZ 129 Hindenburg, a German dirigible (blimp) named after the German general and president Paul von Hindenburg (1847-1934). The Hindenburg exploded 6 May 1937 just short of a mooring mast in Lakehurst, New Jersey, following its transatlantic flight.

Education

There is a woman
on the Klamath River
who has five
hundred children
in the basement,
stuffed like
hornets into
a mud nest.
Great Sparrow
is their father.
Once a day
he pulls a
red wagon between
them and
that's all
they know.

Textual References
"Klamath River": A river in Southern Oregon.

The Fever Monument

First Collected
The Octopus Frontier

At the California Institute of Technology

First Collected
All Watched Over by Machines of Loving Grace

'Star-Spangled' Nails

You've got
some "Star-Spangled"
     nails
in your coffin, kid.
That's what
they've done for you,
     son.

Textual References
"Star-Spangled Nails": "The Star-Spangled Banner" written by Francis Scott Key in 1814 and adopted as the United States' national anthem in 1931.

First Published
12" x 18" broaside privately published: Berkeley, California, 1970?
Printed in black lower case lettering on turquoise-colored construction paper with three red, five pointed stars above the poem. Brautigan's name appeared below, in lower case letters.

It is unclear whether Brautigan was involved in the production of this broadside. Five copies are known to exist. Three are held in university collections: one at the State University of New York in Buffalo, one at Ball State University, and one at Northwestern University. The other two are held in private collections.

The Pumpkin Tide

First Collected
The Octopus Frontier

Adrenalin Mother

Adrenalin Mother,
with your dress of comets
and shoes of swift bird wings
and shadow of jumping fish,
thank you for touching,
understanding and loving my life.
Without you, I am dead.

Selected Reprints
Beatitude, no. 20, Mar. 1969.
Published by City Lights Books, San Francisco, California.
Included four poems by Brautigan: "The Harbor," "The Double-Bed Gallows," "Adrenalin Mother," and "Death is a Beautiful Parked Car Only."

Just What The Country Needs, Another Poetry Anthology. Edited by James McMichael and Dennis Saleh. Wadsworth, 1971, pp. xii, 22-26, 185.
6.5" x 9.5", 190 pages
A poetry anthology collecting 124 poems by 30 poets, including Brautigan. Includes biographical notes for each contributor and an introduction by X. J. Kennedy, who says, "Anyone who cares for poetry ought to encounter much to delight and startle him here. Among such gratifications for me was . . . Richard Brautigan, abruptly popular, whose best work (see "The Winos on Potrero Hill") moves with a beautiful transparency" (xii).

Reprints five poems by Brautigan: "The Winos on Potrero Hill," "The Quail," "The Pill versus The Springhill Mine Disaster," "Discovery," and "Adrenalin Mother," all from The Pill versus The Springhill Mine Disaster.

The biographical note for Brautigan reads, "Richard Brautigan published several small books of poetry in limited editions and then collected them in one volume, The Pill versus The Springhill Mine Disaster, published first by Four Seasons Foundation and them by Delacorte. He has also published three novels and a book of new poems, Rommel Drives On Deep into Egypt. Brautigan is 36 and has lived in San Francisco for many years."

Recorded
"Listening to Richard Brautigan." Harvest Records.
On one track of this album, titled "The Pill versus The Springhill Mine Disaster," Brautigan reads sixteen poems collected in The Pill versus The Springhill Mine Disaster, including this one. LISTEN to Brautigan read these poems.

The Wheel

First Collected
The Octopus Frontier

Map Shower

For Marcia

I want your hair
to cover me with maps
of new places,

so everywhere I go
will be as beautiful
as your hair.

Textual References
"Marcia": Marcia Pacaud, from Montreal, Canada, appeared in the photograph on the front cover of The Pill versus The Springhill Mine Disaster. Written mid-July, while Brautigan was staying at Pacaud's Sausalito apartment, 15 Princess Lane (apartment 5).Several poems in this collection are dedicated to her.

A Postcard from Chinatown

First Collected
The Octopus Frontier

The Double-Bed Dream Gallows

Driving through
hot brushy country
in the late autumn,
I saw a hawk
crucified on a
barbed-wire fence.

I guess as a kind
of advertisement
to other hawks,
saying from the pages
of a leading women's
     magazine,
"She's beautiful,
but burn all the maps
to your body.
I'm not here
of my own choosing."

Selected Reprints
Beatitude, no. 20, Mar. 1969.
Published by City Lights Books, San Francisco, California.
Featured four poems by Brautigan: "The Harbor," "The Double-Bed Gallows," "Adrenalin Mother," and "Death is a Beautiful Parked Car Only."

Recorded
"Listening to Richard Brautigan." Harvest Records.
On one track of this album, titled "The Telephone Door That Leads Eventually to Some Love Poems," Brautigan reads twelve poems collected in The Pill versus The Springhill Mine Disaster, including this one. LISTEN to Brautigan read these poems.

December 30

First Collected
All Watched Over by Machines of Loving Grace.

The Sawmill

First Collected
The Octopus Frontier

The Way She Looks at It

Every time I see him, I think:
Gee, am I glad he's not
     my old man.

Recorded
"Listening to Richard Brautigan." Harvest Records.
On one track of this album, titled "The Telephone Door That Leads Eventually to Some Love Poems," Brautigan reads twelve poems collected in The Pill versus The Springhill Mine Disaster, including this one. LISTEN to Brautigan read these poems.

Selected Reprints
San Francisco Express Times, vol. 1, no. 32, Aug. 28, 1968, p. 6.
Published weekly from 24 January 1968 (vol. 1, no. 1) to 24 December 1968 (vol. 1, no. 49) as San Francisco Express Times. Continued after as Good Times. Published at 15 Lafayette Street, San Francisco by the Trystero Company. Printed by Waller Press. Included eight poems by Brautigan: "General Custer Versus the Titanic," "The Shenevertakesherwatchoff Poem," "Xerox Candy Bar," "Horse Child Breakfast," "Crab Cigar," "I Live in the Twentieth Century," "Alas, Measured Perfectly," and "The Way She Looks at It."

Yes, the Fish Music

First Collected
Lay The Marble Tea

The Chinese Checker Players

First Collected
Lay The Marble Tea

I've Never Had It Done So Gently Before

For M

The sweet juices of your mouth
are like castles bathed in honey.
I've never had it done so gently before.
You have put a circle of castles
around my penis and you swirl them
like sunlight on the wings of birds.

Textual References
"M"; According the William Hjorstberg, "M" stands for Michaela Blake-Grand, whom Brautigan met in January 1967, and to whom he dedicated this erotic poem (Hjortsberg 284).

Blake-Grand appeared with Brautigan in the front cover photograph for Trout Fishing in America and with Brautigan and daughter Ianthe in the front cover photograph for Brautigan's first collection, Trout Fishing in America, The Pill versus The Springhill Mine Disaster, In Watermelon Sugar. Blake-Grand was formerly involved with Andy Cole, Brautigan's friend and roommate from October-December 1963.

"M"; Given the book's dedication, "M" might also signify Marcia Pacaud, from Montreal, Canada, who appeared in the photograph on the front cover. Several poems in this collection are dedicated to her and each bears her full name. Perhaps Brautigan used only the first initial given the nature of the poem, but perhaps he wanted to signify a different person, as Hjortsberg suggests.

Our Beautiful West Coast Thing

First Collected
All Watched Over by Machines of Loving Grace

Man

With his hat on
he's about five inches taller
than a taxicab.

Recorded
"Listening to Richard Brautigan." Harvest Records.
On one track of this album, titled "The Pill versus The Springhill Mine Disaster," Brautigan reads sixteen poems collected in The Pill versus The Springhill Mine Disaster, including this one. LISTEN to Brautigan read these poems.

The Silver Stairs of Ketchikan

2 A.M. is the best time
to climb the silver stairs
of Ketchikan and go up into the trees
and the dark prowling deer.

When my wife gets out of bed
to feed the baby at 2 A.M., she turns
on all the lights in Ketchikan
and people start banging on the doors
and swearing at one another.

That's the best time
to climb the silver stairs
of Ketchikan and go up into the trees
and the dark prowling deer.

Textual References
"Ketchikan": A town in Southeast Alaska, the first Alaskan port of call from the mainland United States.

Your Necklace is Leaking

For Marcia

Your necklace is leaking
and blue light drips
from your beads to cover
your beautiful breasts
with a clear African dawn.

Textual References
"Marcia": Marcia Pacaud, from Montreal, Canada, appeared in the photograph on the front cover of The Pill versus The Springhill Mine Disaster. Several poems in this collection are dedicated to her.

Haiku Ambulance

A piece of green pepper
     fell
off the wooden salad bowl:
     so what?

Recorded
"Listening to Richard Brautigan." Harvest Records.
On one track of this album, titled "The Pill versus The Springhill Mine Disaster," Brautigan reads sixteen poems collected in The Pill versus The Springhill Mine Disaster, including this one. LISTEN to Brautigan read these poems.

It's Going Down

First Collected
All Watched Over by Machines of Loving Grace

Alas, Measured Perfectly

Saturday, August 25, 1888. 5:20 P.M.
is the name of a photograph of two
old women in a front yard, beside
a white house. One of the women is
sitting in a chair with a dog in her
lap. The other woman is looking at
some flowers. Perhaps the women are
happy, but then it is Saturday, August
25, 1888. 5:21 P.M., and all over.

Recorded
"Listening to Richard Brautigan." Harvest Records.
On one track of this album, titled "The Pill versus The Springhill Mine Disaster," Brautigan reads sixteen poems collected in The Pill versus The Springhill Mine Disaster, including this one. LISTEN to Brautigan read these poems.

Selected Reprints
San Francisco Express Times, vol. 1, no. 32, Aug. 28, 1968, p. 6.
Published weekly from 24 January 1968 (vol. 1, no. 1) to 24 December 1968 (vol. 1, no. 49) as San Francisco Express Times. Continued after as Good Times. Published at 15 Lafayette Street, San Francisco by the Trystero Company. Printed by Waller Press. Included eight poems by Brautigan: "General Custer Versus the Titanic," "The Shenevertakesherwatchoff Poem," "Xerox Candy Bar," "Horse Child Breakfast," "Crab Cigar," "I Live in the Twentieth Century," "Alas, Measured Perfectly," and "The Way She Looks at It."

Hey, Bacon

First Collected
All Watched Over by Machines of Loving Grace

Selected Reprints
This poem was reproduced as an interesting speciality publication. LEARN more >>>

The Rape of Ophelia

First Collected
The Octopus Frontier

A Candlelion Poem

For Michael

Turn a candle inside out
and you've got the smallest
portion of a lion standing
there at the edge of the
     shadows.

Textual References
"Michael": Michael McClure, poet and friend who said, "his poem 'For Michael' is beautiful . . .." (Michael McClure 38)

I Feel Horrible. She Doesn't

I feel horrible. She doesn't
love me and I wander around
the house like a sewing machine
that's just finished sewing
a turd to a garbage can lid.

Cyclops

First Collected
Lay The Marble Tea

Flowers for Those You Love

First Collected
All Watched Over by Machines of Loving Grace

The Galilee Hitch-Hiker

First Published
The Galilee Hitch-Hiker

It's Raining in Love

First Collected
All Watched Over by Machines of Loving Grace

Poker Star

It's a star that looks
like a poker game above
the mountains of eastern
     Oregon.
There are three men playing.
They are all sheepherders.
One of them has two pair,
the others have nothing.

To England

First Collected
Lay The Marble Tea

I Lie Here in a Strange Girl's Apartment

First Collected
All Watched Over by Machines of Loving Grace

Hey! This Is What It's All About

First Collected
All Watched Over by Machines of Loving Grace

My Nose Is Growing Old

First Collected
All Watched Over by Machines of Loving Grace

Crab Cigar

I was watching a lot of crabs
eating in the tide pools
of the Pacific a few days ago.

When I say a lot: I mean
hundreds of crabs. They eat
     ike cigars.

Recorded
"Listening to Richard Brautigan." Harvest Records.
On one track of this album, titled "The Pill versus The Springhill Mine Disaster," Brautigan reads sixteen poems collected in The Pill versus The Springhill Mine Disaster, including this one. LISTEN to Brautigan read these poems.

Selected Reprints
San Francisco Express Times, vol. 1, no. 32, Aug. 28, 1968, p. 6.
Published weekly from 24 January 1968 (vol. 1, no. 1) to 24 December 1968 (vol. 1, no. 49) as San Francisco Express Times. Continued after as Good Times. Published at 15 Lafayette Street, San Francisco by the Trystero Company. Printed by Waller Press. Included eight poems by Brautigan: "General Custer Versus the Titanic," "The Shenevertakesherwatchoff Poem," "Xerox Candy Bar," "Horse Child Breakfast," "Crab Cigar," "I Live in the Twentieth Century," "Alas, Measured Perfectly," and "The Way She Looks at It."

The Sidney Greenstreet Blues

First Collected
The Octopus Frontier

I Live in the Twentieth Century

For Marcia

I live in the Twentieth Century
and you lie here beside me. You
were unhappy when you fell asleep.
There was nothing I could do about
it. I felt helpless. Your face
is so beautiful that I cannot stop
to describe it, and there's nothing
I can do to make you happy while
     you sleep.

Textual References
"Marcia": Marcia Pacaud, from Montreal, Canada, appeared in the photograph on the front cover of The Pill versus The Springhill Mine Disaster. Several poems in this collection are dedicated to her.

Recorded
"Listening to Richard Brautigan." Harvest Records.
On one track of this album, titled "The Telephone Door That Leads Eventually to Some Love Poems," Brautigan reads twelve poems collected in The Pill versus The Springhill Mine Disaster, including this one. LISTEN to Brautigan read these poems.

Selected Reprints
San Francisco Express Times, vol. 1, 32, Aug. 28, 1968, p. 6.
Published weekly from 24 January 1968 (vol. 1, no. 1) to 24 December 1968 (vol. 1, no. 49) as San Francisco Express Times. Continued after as Good Times. Published at 15 Lafayette Street, San Francisco by the Trystero Company. Printed by Waller Press. Included eight poems by Brautigan: "General Custer Versus the Titanic," "The Shenevertakesherwatchoff Poem," "Xerox Candy Bar," "Horse Child Breakfast," "Crab Cigar," "I Live in the Twentieth Century," "Alas, Measured Perfectly," and "The Way She Looks at It."

The Castle of the Cormorants

First Collected
Lay The Marble Tea

Sonnet

First Collected
Lay The Marble Tea

Indirect Popcorn

What a good time fancy!
like a leisure white interior
with long yellow curtains.
I'll take it to sleep with me tonight
and hope that my dreams are built
toward beautiful blonde women eating
     indirect popcorn.

Albion Breakfast

First Collected
All Watched Over by Machines of Loving Grace

Let's Voyage into the New American House

First Collected
All Watched Over by Machines of Loving Grace

The Postman

First Collected
The Octopus Frontier

A Mid-February Sky Dance

First Collected
All Watched Over by Machines of Loving Grace

The Quail

First Collected
The Octopus Frontier

1942

First Collected
The Octopus Frontier

Milk for the Duck

First Collected
All Watched Over by Machines of Loving Grace

The Return of the Rivers

First Published
The Return of the Rivers. San Francisco: Inferno Press, May 1957.

A Good-Talking Candle

First Collected
All Watched Over by Machines of Loving Grace

The Horse That Had a Flat Tire

First Published

Berkeley Review, vol. 1, no. 3, 1957, pp. 14-15.
Published 1921 Walnut Street, Berkeley, California, 1956-1957. Edited/published by William P. Barlow, Jr., George Huppert, and C. A. Tong. Published only one volume (with three issues) from Winter 1956 through 1957.

Featured two poems by Brautigan: "The Return of the Rivers" (page 14) and "The Horse That Had A Flat Tire" (page 15). Both collected in The Pill versus The Springhill Mine Disaster. Also featured work by Walter Ballenger, Adrian Stoutenberg, Barbara Cochran, May Swenson, Robert Beloof, Samuel Menashe, Donald Gutierrez, David Cornel DeJong, John Tagliabue, Anthony Ostroff, Richard Wilbur, Richard Eberhart, and Robert Horan.

According to Keith Abbott, Brautigan, in early 1968, inspired by the collaboration between his poet friend Michael McClure and Janis Joplin on the song "Mercedes Benz," gave Joplin a copy of "The Horse That Had a Flat Tire" and "She Sleeps This Very Evening in Greenbrook Castle" hoping she would use it as the basis for a song (Abbott 71). Joplin's song "Mercedes Benz," although drawing from McClure's line "Lord, won't you buy me a Mercedes Benz," was actually written in collaboration with Bob Neuwirth, road manager for Bob Dylan during the English tour filmed in "Don't Look Back," and was included on Joplin's album Pearl, released in 1971, post-humously, following her death in 1970. Michael McClure collaborated with Bobby Womack to write the song "Trust Me," included on the same album.

Selected Reprints
Poems Here and Now. Edited by David Kherdian. Greenwillow Books, 1976, pp. 13, 17.
Includes two poems by Brautigan: "The Chinese Checker Players" and "The Horse That Had a Flat Tire."

Kafka's Hat

First Collected
Lay The Marble Tea

Nine Things

First Collected
All Watched Over by Machines of Loving Grace

Linear Farewell, Nonlinear Farewell

When he went out the door,
he said he wasn't coming back,
but he came back, the son-
ofabitch, and now I'm pregnant,
and he won't get off his ass.

Mating Saliva

A girl in a green mini-
skirt, not very pretty, walks
     down the street.

A businessman stops, turns
to stare at her ass
that looks like a moldy
     refrigerator.

There are now 200,000,000 people
     in America.

Selected Reprints
Shake the Kaleidoscope: A New Anthology of Modern Poetry. Edited by Milton Klonsky. Simon & Schuster, 1973, pp. 274-276.
Included six poems by Brautigan: "To England," "November 3," "A Mid-February Sky Dance," "Mating Saliva," "Romeo and Juliet," and "As the Bruises Fade, the Lightning Aches."

Sit Comma and Creeley Comma

First Collected
The Octopus Frontier

Automatic Anthole

Driven by hunger, I had another
forced bachelor dinner tonight.
I had a lot of trouble making
up my mind whether to eat Chinese
food or have a hamburger. God,
I hate eating dinner alone. It's
     like being dead.

The Symbol

First Collected
The Octopus Frontier

I Cannot Answer You Tonight in Small Portions

I cannot answer you tonight in small portions.
Torn apart by stormy love's gate, I float
like a phantom facedown in a well where
the cold dark water reflects vague half-built
               stars
and trades all our affection, touching, sleeping
together for tribunal distance standing like
a drowned train just beyond a pile of Eskimo
               skeletons.

Recorded
"Listening to Richard Brautigan." Harvest Records.
On one track of this album, titled "The Telephone Door That Leads Eventually to Some Love Poems," Brautigan reads twelve poems collected in The Pill versus The Springhill Mine Disaster, including this one. LISTEN to Brautigan read these poems.

Your Catfish Friend

First Collected
All Watched Over by Machines of Loving Grace

December 24

First Collected
All Watched Over by Machines of Loving Grace
Retitled "November 24" in The Pill versus The Springhill Mine Disaster table of contents, although the poem itself retains the original title.

Horse Race

First Collected
The Octopus Frontier

The Pill versus The Springhill Mine Disaster

When you take your pill
it's like a mine disaster.
I think of all the people
     lost inside of you.

Textual References
"Springhill Mine Disaster": The disaster occurred in 1958 in Springhill, Nova Scotia, Canada. A popular folk song, "The Springhill Mine Disaster," was written shortly afterward by Ewan MacColl and Peggy Seeger.

Selected Reprints
Earth, Air, Fire, and Water: A Collection of Over 125 Poems. Edited by Frances Monson McCullough. Coward, McCann, and Geoghegan, 1971, pp. 27, 130, 142.
Included three poems by Brautigan: "To England," "The Pill versus The Springhill Mine Disaster," and "The Day They Busted the Grateful Dead."

Just What The Country Needs, Another Poetry Anthology. Edited by James McMichael and Dennis Saleh. Wadsworth, 1971, pp. xii, 22-26, 185.
6.5" x 9.5", 190 pages
A poetry anthology collecting 124 poems by 30 poets, including Brautigan.
Includes biographical notes for each contributor and an introduction by X. J. Kennedy, who says, "Anyone who cares for poetry ought to encounter much to delight and startle him here. Among such gratifications for me was . . . Richard Brautigan, abruptly popular, whose best work (see "The Winos on Potrero Hill") moves with a beautiful transparency" (xii).

Reprints five poems by Brautigan: "The Winos on Potrero Hill," "The Quail," "The Pill versus The Springhill Mine Disaster," "Discovery," and "Adrenalin Mother," all from The Pill versus The Springhill Mine Disaster.

The biographical note for Brautigan reads, "Richard Brautigan published several small books of poetry in limited editions and then collected them in one volume, The Pill versus The Springhill Mine Disaster, published first by Four Seasons Foundation and them by Delacorte. He has also published three novels and a book of new poems, Rommel Drives On Deep into Egypt. Brautigan is 36 and has lived in San Francisco for many years."

San Francisco Express Times, vol. 1, no. 49, Dec. 24, 1968, pp. 8-9.
Published weekly from 24 January 1968 (vol. 1, no. 1) to 24 December 1968 (vol. 1, no. 49) as San Francisco Express Times. Continued after as Good Times. Published at 15 Lafayette Street, San Francisco by the Trystero Company. Printed by Waller Press. Included eleven poems by Brautigan: "The Pill versus The Springhill Mine Disaster," "The Day they Busted the Grateful Dead," "All Watched Over by Machines of Loving Grace," "Discovery," "At the California Institute of Technology," "Boo, Forever," "The Sidney Greenstreet Blues," "The Flowerburgers Part 4," "A Baseball Game Part 7," "December 24," and "The Garlic Meat Lady."

Recorded
"Listening to Richard Brautigan." Harvest Records.
On one track of this album, titled "The Telephone Door That Leads Eventually to Some Love Poems," Brautigan reads twelve poems collected in The Pill versus The Springhill Mine Disaster, including this one. LISTEN to Brautigan read these poems.

After Halloween Slump

First Collected
All Watched Over by Machines of Loving Grace

Gee, You're So Beautiful That It's Starting to Rain

Oh, Marcia,
I want your long blonde beauty
to be taught in high school,
so kids will learn that God
lives like music in the skin
and sounds like a sunshine harpsichord.
I want high school report cards
     to look like this:

Playing with Gentle Glass Things
     A

Computer Magic
     A

Writing Letters to Those You Love
     A

Finding out about Fish
     A

Marcia's Long Blonde Beauty
     A+!

Textual References
"Marcia": Marcia Pacaud, from Montreal, Canada, appeared in the photograph on the front cover of The Pill versus The Springhill Mine Disaster. Several poems in this collection are dedicated to her.

First Published
Unicorn Books of Goleta, California, [December 1967; see Darllington article below] or January 1968?
Broadside printed on tan newsprint paper with the additional title "The San Francisco Weather Report." Printed by Graham Mackintosh for free distribution. A second printing was offered in 1969.

2,500 copies were distributed free in San Francisco's financial district on 26 January 1968 (Notes From A Revolution: Com/co, the Diggers & the Haight.. Foggy Notion Books, 2012, p. 170.) or during December 1967 (Darlington article, below).

Selected Reprints
Paris Review, no. 45, Winter 1968, p. 140.
Poem titled here "San Francisco Weather Report." The spelling "harpsicord" is corrected to "harpsichord." The Paris Review, published in New York, City 1953-1974 was founded by novelist Peter Matthiessen and Harold Hume and was one of the great literary magazines of the latter half of the twentieth century.

Also featured poetry by Jim Carroll (of the rock group Traffic), Tom Clark, Ron Padgett, Anne Waldman, Frank O'Hara, Jim Brodey, and others. Also included was an interview with John Updike, a journal by Edward Hoagland titled "Notes from the Century Before," fiction by Joy Williams, Austin Wright, Tom Veitch, and others.

Mentioned
"Please Plant This Page." Sandy Darlington. (San Francisco Express Times, vol. 1, no. 921, Mar. 1968, p. 5.) Article includes a photograph by Bob Seidemann of Brautigan sitting in a wicker chair. Darlington profiles Brautigan's Please Plant This Book, using it as an example of how authors release books to their readers. Says, of "Gee, You're So Beautiful That It's Staring to Rain," "Last December, Richard Brautigan and his friends printed 2500 copies of a poem called The San Francisco Weather Report and handed them out in the financial district at noon. It hadn't rained in two weeks. A friend of his told him later of handing the poem to a secretary who began to read it out loud. After the title, the next line is Gee, You're so Beautiful That It's starting to Rain. As she read the line, raindrops started hitting the paper. She looked up at him, took a step backwards and just stared. There's so many ways to say hello."

San Francisco Express Times was published weekly from 24 January 1968 (vol. 1, no. 1) to 24 December 1968 (vol. 1, no. 49) as San Francisco Express Times. Continued after as Good Times. Published at 15 Lafayette Street, San Francisco by the Trystero Company. Printed by Waller Press.

Recorded
"Listening to Richard Brautigan." Harvest Records.
On one track of this album, titled "The Telephone Door That Leads Eventually to Some Love Poems," Brautigan reads twelve poems collected in The Pill versus The Springhill Mine Disaster, including this one. LISTEN to Brautigan read these poems.

The Nature Poem

First Collected
The Octopus Frontier

The Day They Busted the Grateful Dead

The day they busted the Grateful Dead
rain stormed against San Francisco
like hot swampy scissors cutting Justice
into the evil clothes that alligators wear.

The day they busted the Grateful Dead
was like a flight of winged alligators
carefully measuring marble with black
     rubber telescopes.

The day they busted the Grateful Dead
turned like the wet breath of alligators
blowing up balloons the size of the
     Hall of Justice.

Textual References
"Busted the Grateful Dead": Several members of the popular San Francisco rock band, "The Grateful Dead," were arrested for drug possession on 2 October 1967. On 4 October the band held a press conference to protest the arrest.

Selected Reprints
Earth, Air, Fire, and Water: A Collection of Over 125 Poems. Edited by Frances Monson McCullough. Coward, McCann, and Geoghegan, 1971, pp. 27, 130, 142.
Included three poems by Brautigan: "To England," "The Pill versus The Springhill Mine Disaster," and "The Day They Busted the Grateful Dead."

San Francisco Express Times, vol. 1, no. 49, Dec. 24, 1968, pp. 8-9.
Published weekly from 24 January 1968 (vol. 1, no. 1) to 24 December 1968 (vol. 1, no. 49) as San Francisco Express Times. Continued after as Good Times. Published at 15 Lafayette Street, San Francisco by the Trystero Company. Printed by Waller Press. Included eleven poems by Brautigan: "The Pill versus The Springhill Mine Disaster," "The Day they Busted the Grateful Dead," "All Watched Over by Machines of Loving Grace," "Discovery," "At the California Institute of Technology," "Boo, Forever," "The Sidney Greenstreet Blues," "The Flowerburgers Part 4," "A Baseball Game Part 7," "December 24," and "The Garlic Meat Lady."

The Harbor

Torn apart by the storms of love
and put back together by the calms
     of love,

I lie here in a harbor
that does not know
where your body ends
and my body begins.

Fish swim between our ribs
and sea gulls cry like mirrors
     to our blood.

Selected Reprints
Beatitude. no. 20, Mar. 1969.
Published by City Lights Books, San Francisco, California.
Featured four poems by Brautigan: "The Harbor," "The Double-Bed Gallows," "Adrenalin Mother," and "Death is a Beautiful Parked Car Only."

Seven Watermelon Suns: Selected Poems of Richard Brautigan. University of California at Santa Cruz, 1974.
Limited Edition of 10 copies
Printed by The Crowell Press
Seven works by Brautigan, each printed as a separate 6" x 8.5" broadside with embossed color etchings by Ellen Meske. Contents included
Title page
A passage from In Watermelon Sugar (pp. 38-39)
"The Fever Monument"
"Cyclops"
"The Nature Poem"
"The Symbol"
"The Harbor"
"The Galilee Hitch-Hiker"

The Garlic Meat Lady from

We're cooking dinner tonight.
I'm making a kind of Stonehenge
     stroganoff.
Marcia is helping me. You
already know the legend
     of her beauty.
I've asked her to rub garlic
on the meat. She takes
each piece of meat like a lover
and rubs it gently with garlic.
I've never seen anything like this
     before. Every orifice
of the meat is explored, caressed
     relentlessly with garlic.
There is a passion here that would
drive a deaf saint to learn
the violin and play Beethoven at
     Stonehenge.

Textual References
"Stonehenge": An assemblage of upright stones on the Salisbury Plain in Southern England.
"Marcia": Marcia Pacaud, from Montreal, Canada, appeared in the photograph on the front cover of The Pill versus The Springhill Mine Disaster. Several poems in this collection are dedicated to her.
"Beethoven": Ludwig van Beethoven (1770-1827), a German composer.

Selected Reprints
San Francisco Express Times, vol. 1, no. 49, December 24, 1968, pp. 8-9.
Published weekly from 24 January 1968 (vol. 1, no. 1) to 24 December 1968 (vol. 1, no. 49) as San Francisco Express Times. Continued after as Good Times. Published at 15 Lafayette Street, San Francisco by the Trystero Company. Printed by Waller Press. Included eleven poems by Brautigan: "The Pill versus The Springhill Mine Disaster," "The Day they Busted the Grateful Dead," "All Watched Over by Machines of Loving Grace," "Discovery," "At the California Institute of Technology," "Boo, Forever," "The Sidney Greenstreet Blues," "The Flowerburgers Part 4," "A Baseball Game Part 7," "December 24," and "The Garlic Meat Lady."

In a Cafe

First Collected
Lay The Marble Tea

Boo, Forever

Spinning like a ghost
on the bottom of a
     top,
I'm haunted by all
the space that I
will live without
     you.

First Published
San Francisco: Free City News, no. 1, October 1967.
A broadside poem, included in an anthology of ten poems, each published as broadsides by the Diggers. Also issued separately.
8.5" x 14" white construction-like paper of various colors; Ten leaves (broadsides) plus illustrated front and back wrappers.
Many leaves (but not Brautigan's) were printed on both sides with illustrated poems and prose pieces and news commentary. All were anonymous.
Artwork by Stanley Muse.

Brautigan's poem, without title, was centered on the page, framed by an Egyptian-style erotic illustration and a numbered listing of Kama Sutra sexual positions. The poem was untitled and so is often cited by its first line: "Spinning Like a Ghost."

Brautigan originally titled this poem part of "Three Poems to Celebrate the History of Marcia" in reference to Marcia Pacaud. Later, it was collected and retitled "Boo, Forever" in The Pill versus The Springhill Mine Disaster

Selected Reprints
San Francisco Express Times, vol. 1, no. 49, Dec. 24, 1968, pp. 8-9.
Published weekly from 24 January 1968 (vol. 1, no. 1) to 24 December 1968 (vol. 1, no. 49) as San Francisco Express Times. Continued after as Good Times. Published at 15 Lafayette Street, San Francisco by the Trystero Company. Printed by Waller Press. Included eleven poems by Brautigan: "The Pill versus The Springhill Mine Disaster," "The Day they Busted the Grateful Dead," "All Watched Over by Machines of Loving Grace," "Discovery," "At the California Institute of Technology," "Boo, Forever," "The Sidney Greenstreet Blues," "The Flowerburgers Part 4," "A Baseball Game Part 7," "December 24," and "The Garlic Meat Lady."

Recorded
"Listening to Richard Brautigan." Harvest Records.
On one track of this album, titled "The Telephone Door That Leads Eventually to Some Love Poems," Brautigan reads twelve poems collected in The Pill versus The Springhill Mine Disaster, including this one. LISTEN to Brautigan read these poems.

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Reviews

Reviews for The Pill Versus the Springhill Mine Disaster are detailed below. See also reviews of Brautigan's collected works, and General Reviews for commentary about Brautigan's work and his place in American literature.

Anonymous. "Poetry: Combatting Society With Surrealism." Time, 24 Jan. 1969, pp. 72-76.

Reviews His Toy, His Dream, His Rest by John Berryman; White-Haired Lover by Karl Shapiro; The Body by Michael Benedikt; Shall We Gather at the River by James Wright; Breaking Camp by Marge Piercy; Coming Closer by Helen Chasm; The Residual Years by William Everson; Bending the Bow by Robert Duncan; The Back Country by Gary Snyder; Incarnations: Poems, 1966-1968 by Robert Penn Warren; Cables to the Ace by Thomas Merton; and The Pill versus The Springhill Mine Disaster by Brautigan. Notes the potential for success in Brautigan's unusual poetic approach. READ this review.

Bokinsky, Caroline J. "Richard Brautigan." Dictionary of Literary Biography. Vol. 5: American Poets Since World War II. Edited by Donald J. Greiner. Gale Research Company, 1980, pp. 96-99.

Critical comments on The Return of the Rivers, The Galilee Hitch-Hiker, Lay the Marble Tea, The Octopus Frontier, All Watched Over by Machines of Loving Grace, The Pill versus the Springhill Mine Disaster, Rommel Drives on Deep into Egypt, Loading Mercury with a Pitchfork, and June 30th, June 30th. Also provides some biographical and bibliographical information. Says The Pill versus the Springhill Mine Disaster confirms Brautigan's "magical power of transforming an image into something else." READ this review.

Brownjohn, Alan. "Absorbing Chaos." New Statesman, 4 Dec. 1970, pp. 772-773.

Reviews The Complete Poems by Elizabeth Bishop, Snapshopts of a Daughter-in-Law by Adrienne Rich, The Fire Screen by James Merrill, In the Early Morning Rain by Ted Berrigan, Lion Lion by Tom Raworth, Scantlings by Gael Turnbull, Lucidities by Elizabeth Jennings, In Focus by Jeremy Robson, Thunder of Grass by John Moat Barrie and Jenkins, Expostulations by Teddy Hodge, The Wooden Muse, Part One by Alec Pope, and The Pill versus The Springhill Mine Disaster by Brautigan.

The complete reference to Brautigan reads, "Richard Brautigan's novels are highly praised. His poems are minor adjuncts to his prose: more coherent and funny than [Ted] Berrigan's [In The Early Morning Rain also reviewed], but with the dreadful, characteristic soft-centredness: 'I want your hair/ to cover me with maps/ of new places, so everywhere I go/ will be as beautiful/ as you hair.'"

Malley, Terence. Richard Brautigan. Warner, 1972.

First printing October 1972. The first critical survey of Brautigan's work through 1971. Chapter 1, "Magic Up and Down," deals with The Pill versus The Springhill Mine Disaster and Rommel Drives On Deep into Egypt. One of several reference books focusing on Brautigan.

Nilsen, Don L.F., and Allen Pace Nilsen. "An Exploration and Defense of the Humor in Young Adult Literature." Journal of Reading, vol. 26, no. 1, Oct. 1982, pp.58-65.

Says humor draws teenage readers to writers like Kurt Vonnegut, Philip Roth, John Irving, Joseph Heller, and Richard Brautigan. Argues that despite the importance of humor, little attention has been paid to what teenagers think is humorous. Reports on a study undertaken by the authors which finds choices by teenage readers "not quite as appalling as we had first thought."

Notes A Confederate General from Big Sur, In Watermelon Sugar, and The Pill versus The Springhill Mine Disaster as "recommended humorous books."

The full reference to Brautigan reads, "Richard Brautigan also surprises readers with innocent sounding grossness. For example, he explains the title of his novel [sic] The Pill versus The Springhill Mine Disaster: 'When you take your pill it's like a mine disaster. I think of all the people lost inside you.'"

Porter, Peter. "Dazzling Landscapes." The Observer, 3 Jan. 1971, p. 30.

Reviews The Complete Poems by Elizabeth Bishop, Collected Poems by Alan Dugan, Snapshots of A Daughter-In-Law by Adrienne Rich, The Fire Screen by James Merrill, In the Early Morning Rain by Ted Berrigen, and The Pill versus The Springhill Mine Disaster by Brautigan.

The full reference to Brautigan reads, "I didn't enjoy Richard Brautigan. Liberated jokes and instant mysticism—his poems turn everything to favour and prettiness. Try 'December 30':—
At 1.03 in the morning a fart
smells like a marriage between
an avocado and a fish head.
I have to get out of bed
to write this down without
my glasses on."

Warsh, Lewis. "Out of Sight." Poetry, Mar. 1970, pp. 440-446.

Reviews Stones by Tom Clark, Instructions for Undressing the Human Race by Fernando Alegria, and The Pill versus The Springhill Mine Disaster and In Watermelon Sugar by Brautigan. Says, of The Pill versus The Springhill Mine Disaster, "Brautigan has learned from Jack Spicer about the limits and the possibilities of humor, of how far you can go in your own head while still remaining in control of the poem. The delicateness of this balance leads to an intensity which, when successful, overshadows the sometimes self-indulgent choice of subject matter. . . . Brautigan's poems exist to give pleasure to anyone who wants to go along." READ this review.

Reprinted
Contemporary Literary Criticism. Vol. 3. Edited by Carolyn Riley. Gale Research Company, 1975, pp. 86-90.

Williams, Hugo. "Strolling across the Bridge." London Magazine, Feb. 1971, pp. 81-84.

Reviews In the Early Morning Rain by Ted Berrigan, Lion Lion by Tom Raworth, Loss of Two Anchors by Pete Morgan, and The Pill versus The Springhill Mine Disaster by Brautigan. Calls Brautigan's poetry "sugary, predigested and schoolgirlish" and concludes "He deserves a sucky medal with a picture of himself on it for his own personal sweetness." READ this review.

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